For some people, surgery may be done to treat diabetes when other methods do not help. Choices are:
A transplant places a healthy donor pancreas into the body. The new organ will make insulin and it will no longer need to be injected.
Kidney damage is a common problem in people with diabetes. This transplant is often done with a kidney transplant.
Islets are the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This procedure takes healthy donor islet cells and injects them into a vein that carries blood to the liver. The cells will make insulin. It will need to be done more than once. It can help a person manage their blood glucose and may even be able to stop insulin injections.
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American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2019. Diabetes Care. 2019. Jan; 42 (Suppl 1):S1-193.
Diabetes mellitus type 1. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/diabetes-mellitus-type-1-34. Updated June 28, 2019. Accessed November 22, 2019.
Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/type-1. Accessed November 22, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
James P. Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 12/8/2020