Surgery may be performed to treat obstructions in the male reproductive tract or to correct abnormalities.
Surgical procedures include:
This is a microsurgical procedure used to correct obstructions in the epididymis—the coiled tube that connects the testes with the sperm-carrying tubes known as the vas deferens. These obstructions may be caused by congenital abnormalities, infections like chlamydia or tuberculosis, previous surgeries, or a vasectomy.
Varicoceles are a common condition characterized by dilation of the veins that drain blood from the testicles. They often develop after puberty, although many are not detected until evaluation for fertility problems. Varicoceles are the most common cause of male infertility. Not all varicoceles require treatment, although most doctors recommend treating varicoceles if you are experiencing infertility. Even though they do not represent a health risk, they can contribute to deterioration of fertility over time.
This surgery is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and consists of a small incision just below the groin. The procedure may be performed under local or general anesthesia. The surgeon may use a microscope to find and preserve the tiny arteries that transport blood to the testes. Laparoscopy, which involves inserting a thin tube mounted with a video camera through a small abdominal incision, can also be used to repair varicoceles.
Infertility in men. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T902812/Infertility-in-men . Updated December 4, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2017.
Lopushnyan NA, Walsh TJ. Surgical techniques for the management of male infertility. Asian J Androl. 2012;14(1):94-102.
Pisipati S, Pearcy R. The role of urological surgery in male infertility. Hum Fertil (Camb). 2010;13(4):233-241.
Varicocele in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T909425/Varicocele-in-adults . Updated January 29, 2016. Accessed December 18, 2017.
Last reviewed November 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014