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A risk factor makes the chances of getting a disease or condition higher. You can have allergic rhinitis with or without any of those listed below. But the more risks you have, the higher the chances of having it.

Talk to your doctor about the steps you need to take to lower your risk.


The most common link to having this condition is your parents. Your chances of allergic rhinitis are much higher if one or both of your parents have it.

Health Problems

Your chances of allergic rhinitis are higher if you have other allergies. The most common links are to:


Allergic rhinitis most often appears when you're a child. But, it can happen at any age. In most cases, if you have problems at a younger age, they may not come back when you're an adult. If you started having problems after age 20, they may last through middle age.

Where You Live

Allergic rhinitis is more common in Western countries. This may be because places are sanitized and cleaner. This lowers the chances of exposures to varied allergens.


Some people have problems because of the work they do. This may be caused by:

  • Seed dust
  • Wood dust
  • Animal dander
  • Textile dust
  • Chemicals
  • Rubber latex
  • Certain foods and spices
  • Storage mites
  • Odors and fumes such as smoking or air pollution

Allergic rhinitis. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology website. Available at: https://acaai.org/allergies/types/hay-fever-rhinitis. Accessed October 16, 2018.

Allergic rhinitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116217/Allergic-rhinitis. Updated July 9, 2018. Accessed October 16, 2018.

Allergic rhinitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/immunology-allergic-disorders/allergic,-autoimmune,-and-other-hypersensitivity-disorders/allergic-rhinitis. Updated January 2018. Accessed October 16, 2018.

Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD  Last Updated: 10/16/2018