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Other Treatments for Eating Disorders
by Amy Scholten, MPH
Eating disorders can be treated with the following interventions:
Therapists can help you develop a healthier and more realistic self-image. They will help you find new ways to think about your body and yourself. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been especially successful when used for people who have bulimia and, along with medicine, has proven to be the most effective treatment for this condition. If you have bulimia, CBT may help you normalize your eating patterns, end binging and purging, and teach you to eat small amounts of food more regularly.
Interpersonal therapy may help you understand and cope with concerns about your relationships. It may help you cope with anxiety and depression that may occur with your eating disorder. It is also useful in addressing social factors that influence your eating behavior.
Interpersonal therapy can help you express your feelings, develop a stronger sense of individuality, cope with change, and address past trauma that might have played a role in your eating disorder.
Group Support TOP
There are many different types of groups for people with eating disorders. Groups may be part of an inpatient or outpatient program, be led by a private therapist, or exist independently. A therapist, recovered person, or other individual may lead support groups for people with eating disorders. Topics may include coping strategies, body image, nutrition information, spirituality, family issues, art therapy, or a combination of topics. CBT can be effectively conducted in a group session.
Family Therapy TOP
Complex family behaviors and attitudes often play a role in eating disorders. Many people cannot recover unless their families recognize their roles in the problem and make changes. Close family members need to understand the disorder and support the patient. Family therapy can play an important part in the treatment plan.
Hospitalization and Nutritional Therapy TOP
If you have severe weight loss associated with anorexia nervosa, you may be hospitalized. In most cases, people with bulimia do not have to be hospitalized unless they develop anorexia, have nutritional deficiences, need medications to withdraw from purging, or have major depression with suicidal thoughts. A component of successful treatment is the desire and willingness to change.
Generally, hospitalization for anorexia may be necessary if:
Nutritional therapy is necessary for appropriate weight gain. The goal is to restore adequate nutrition, bring weight to a healthy level, and normalize eating patterns. This is done by:
If anorexia is severe enough or the person refuses to eat, life-saving interventions may be used. A feeding tube is used to deliver nutrition. Feeding tubes may include a nasogastric tube or in extreme cases, a jejunostomy (J-tube) or gastrostomy tube (G-tube).
Psychotherapy is more effective after weight loss and malnutrition has been corrected.
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Eating disorders: About more than food. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at:
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Updated 2014. Accessed May 18, 2016.
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4/29/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114614/Anorexia-nervosa: Lock J, Le Grange D, Agras WS, Moye A, Bryson SW, Jo B. Randomized clinical trial comparing family-based treatment with adolescent-focused individual therapy for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(10):1025-1032.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 5/18/2016
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