Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center - Health Library

Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

Symptoms of TMD may occur in the head or neck.

Temporomandibular Joint : Areas of Pain

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A number of symptoms may suggest TMD, including the following:

  • Pain in the temporomandibular joint
  • Popping, clicking, or grating sounds or sensations in the temporomandibular joint while eating and/or drinking
  • A sensation of the jaw “catching” or “locking” briefly, while attempting to open or close the mouth, or while chewing
  • Difficulty opening the mouth completely
  • Pain in the jaw
  • Facial pain
  • Muscle pain/spasm in the area of the temple or temporomandibular joint
  • Headache
  • Ear pain
  • Neck pain
  • Swelling on one or both sides of the face
  • Ringing in the ears
REFERENCES:

Temporomandibular disorders. American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aaoms.org/images/uploads/pdfs/tmj_disorders.pdf. Published 2013. Accessed February 22, 2017.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114703/Temporomandibular-joint-TMJ-dysfunction. Updated May 11, 2015. Accessed February 22, 2017.

TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/content/tmj. Updated December 2010. Accessed February 22, 2017.

TMJ. Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/tmj. Accessed February 22, 2017.

TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/TMJ/TMJDisorders.htm. Updated April 2015. Accessed February 22, 2017.

Last reviewed February 2017 by Michael Woods, MD, FAAP  Last Updated: 3/15/2015