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Risk Factors for Social Anxiety Disorder

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.

It is possible to develop social anxiety disorder with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing social anxiety disorder. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.

Risk factors for social anxiety disorder include the following:

Other Mental Disorders

Rates of social anxiety disorder are higher in people who have another anxiety disorder, such as general anxiety disorder, panic disorder or phobias, substance abuse problem ( alcohol use disorder or drug addiction), bipolar disorder, hypochondriasis, or depression.

Age

The disorder typically begins in childhood or early adolescence. It rarely develops after age 25.

Genetics    TOP

Rates of social anxiety disorder are higher in first-degree relatives. Genetic influence is estimated to be between 30% and 40%.

Medical Diseases    TOP

People with asthma are at an increased risk for social anxiety disorder. People with the following conditions are also at increased risk:

  • Heart disease
  • Difficulty seeing or hearing
  • Painful condition

Childhood Experiences    TOP

Childhood experiences associated with an increased risk of social anxiety disorder include: physical or sexual abuse, early separation from parents, and difficulties in school.

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References:

Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Updated March 2016. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Morris EP, Stewart SH, Ham LS. The relationship between social anxiety disorder and alcohol use disorders: a critical review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2005;25(6):734-760.
Schneier FR. Clinical practice. Social anxiety disorder. N Engl J Med. 2006;355(10):1029-1036.
Social anxiety disorder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. http://www.dynamed.... Updated November 8, 2016. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Social phobia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:
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Updated May 2014. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Last reviewed June 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014

 

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