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Lifestyle Changes to Manage Scleroderma

A number of lifestyle changes can help address specific symptoms of scleroderma.

Manage Raynaud’s Phenomenon

If you also have Raynaud’s phenomenon, the following changes can help relieve Raynaud’s symptoms:

  • Dress warmly.
  • Wear gloves and extra socks.
  • Avoid exposure to cold, including air conditioning.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking will make your symptoms worse because it causes blood vessels to narrow.

Maintain Flexibility    TOP

Get advice from your doctor about starting an appropriate exercise program to help you continue your daily activities. Learn facial exercises to decrease stiffness of the face and mask-like appearance. Include exercises that help you maintain the range of motion in your joints, improve circulation, and boost your energy levels. Ask your doctor if a consultation with a physical or occupational therapist may help in creating the right program for you.

Improve Your Skin’s Health    TOP

Here are strategies:

  • Do not take hot baths or showers because hot water will dry out your skin.
  • Frequently put on skin lotion, especially after bathing or showering.
  • Always apply sunscreen before you go outside, even on cloudy days.
  • Keep the air in your home moist by using humidifiers, especially in the winter.
  • Exercise regularly to improve blood circulation and flexibility.
  • Avoid exposure to harsh household chemicals, cleaners, and soaps.

Decrease Gastrointestinal Problems    TOP

Tips for reducing gastrointestinal symptoms include:

  • Avoid spicy and fatty foods, alcohol, and caffeine, all of which may irritate your stomach.
  • Eat small, frequent meals.
  • If you have heartburn at night, elevate the head of your bed.
  • Do not eat right before bedtime.
  • Dental problems are common in people with scleroderma. Be sure to have regular dental checkups and to brush and floss regularly.

Seek Support    TOP

Some people with scleroderma may experience depression and anxiety. Consider finding a support group where you can meet other people who have learned to cope with the challenges of scleroderma. Sharing your own struggles and triumphs, and learning from the struggles and triumphs of others can be very helpful. If you smoke, seek help from your doctor or a support group to stop.


Coping with scleroderma. Scleroderma Foundation website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed November 29, 2016.
Localized scleroderma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated June 4, 2013. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Scleroderma. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: Updated August 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Systemic sclerosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Updated June 9, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Last reviewed November 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015

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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

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