Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill prostate cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body.
Chemotherapy may be used:
For prostate cancer, chemotherapy drugs and are mainly given one at a time rather than mixing them with others. The most common are:
Chemotherapy is given by IV. IV chemotherapy is delivered in cycles over a set period. Your doctor will help find out how many cycles are needed and which drugs will work best.
Drugs are made to kill cancer, but they also harm healthy cells. The death of cancer cells and impact on healthy cells can cause a range of problems. The most common are:
There are many ways to control problems. In some cases, the drugs can be changed to lessen how they make you feel. The earlier these problems are brought up to your doctor, the more likely they will be controlled.
Chemotherapy for prostate cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/chemotherapy.html. Updated March 11, 2016. Accessed October 26, 2018.
Prostate cancer. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114483/Prostate-cancer. Updated October 16, 2018. Accessed October 26, 2018.
Prostate cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/prostate-cancer. Updated October 2017. Accessed October 26, 2018.
Treatment option overview. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/prostate/patient/prostate-treatment-pdq#section/_142. Updated October 12, 2018. Accessed October 26, 2018.
What is chemotherapy? Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/prostate-cancer/treatment/chemotherapy. Accessed October 26, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP Last Updated: 10/26/2018