Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center - Health Library

Reducing Your Risk of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) develops over time due to many factors. There are no known ways to prevent OA. But there are steps to help keep your bones and joints healthy:

  • Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your joints.
  • Get regular exercise. Strong muscles protect the joint from too much stress.
  • Learn the proper technique for exercise and sports.

Healthy bones and joints may slow the onset OA or lower the severity.

REFERENCES:

ACR issues recommendations on therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(7):515-516.

Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated May 30, 2016. Accessed May 30, 2018.

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116897/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-knee. Updated March 15, 2018. Accessed May 30, 2018.

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114846/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-hip. Updated March 15, 2018. Accessed May 30, 2018.

Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.

2/15/2013 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116897/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-knee: McAlindon T, Lavalley M, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on progression of knee pain and cartilage volume in patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis: A randomized control trial. JAMA. 2013;309(2):155-162.

Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM  Last Updated: 5/31/2018