The goal of treatment is to remove as much of the cancer as possible. The primary treatment for most stages of melanoma is surgical removal. When found early, melanoma is easily treated and curable. Additional treatment may help to prevent the spread or recurrence of more advanced cancer. The overall treatment plan is based on the characteristics of the cancer, patient's age, general health, and prognosis. Comfort measures may be needed if melanoma is in advanced stages and is causing symptoms.
The healthcare team will be made up of a variety of health professionals including doctors, surgeons, nurses, and pharmacists. It is important to maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to recommended treatment, and go to any recommended appointments for best outcomes possible.
Melanoma treatment includes:
Existing treatment protocols have been established and continue to be modified through clinical trials. These research studies are essential to determine whether or not new treatments are both safe and effective. Since highly effective treatments for many cancers remain unknown, numerous clinical trials are always underway around the world. You may wish to ask your doctor about participating in a clinical trial. You can find out about clinical trials at the US National Institutes of Health website.
Melanoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115302/Melanoma. Updated January 10, 2017. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Melanoma. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic-disorders/cancers-of-the-skin/melanoma. Updated February 2017. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Treating melanoma skin cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/melanoma-skin-cancer/treating.html. Updated May 20, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Treatment option overview. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/melanoma-treatment-pdq#section/_135. Updated March 10, 2017. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Last reviewed March 2017 by Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP Last Updated: 10/18/2016