CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368

Search Health Library

Risk Factors for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.

It is possible to develop GERD with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing GERD. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.

The most common risk factor is a poorly functioning lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The sphincter may be impaired or damaged by:

  • Medications, such as those that treat asthma, high blood pressure, or depression.
  • Hiatal hernia —The top part of the stomach presses up into the chest cavity. It can change the shape, putting abnormal pressure on the stomach.
  • Pregnancy—Places extra pressure on the stomach. Symptoms may resolve when the pregnancy is over.
  • Obesity —Increases pressure in the abdomen.
  • Smoking—Weakens nerves and muscles that control the LES.
  • Vagus nerve damage (which controls the LES) from surgery or injury.
  • Conditions that affect the strength of the esophageal muscles, such as scleroderma or certain nervous system disorders.
  • Current use of nasogastric tube—The tube passes through the LES.
PreviousNext

References:

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated April 11, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Merck Manual Professional Version. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated May 2014. Accessed February 27, 2015.
Katz PO, Gerson LB, Velva MF. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013;108(3):302-328.
Mitre MC, Katzka DA. Pathophysiology of GERD: Lower esophageal sphincter defects. GERD in the 21st Century, Series 5. Practical Gastro website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Published May 2004. Accessed February 27, 2015.
Symptoms and causes of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed February 27, 2015.
Understanding heartburn and reflux disease. American Gastroenterological Association website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed February 27, 2015.
9/30/2008 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance: http://www.dynamed.... Jacobson BC, Moy B, Colditz GA, Fuchs CS. Postmenopausal hormone use and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(16):1798-1804.
4/25/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Shimamoto T, Yamamichi N. No association of coffee consumption with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, reflux esophagitis, and non-erosive reflux disease: A cross-sectional study of 8,013 healthy subjects in Japan. PLoS One. 2013;8(6):e65996.
Last reviewed June 2016 by Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015
Previous |Next

 

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Health Library: Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
36000 Darnall Loop Fort Hood, Texas 76544-4752 | Phone: (254) 288-8000