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Symptoms of End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
by Debra Wood, RN
As kidney failure progresses, some of the following symptoms may develop:
If kidney failure is untreated, the waste products and fluid that build up can result in:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated August 23, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
What I need to know about kidney failure and how it's treated. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 2013. Accessed November 17, 2016.
Yu HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med. 2003;163(12):1417-1429.
Last reviewed November 2016 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015
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