CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368

Search Health Library

Diagnosis of End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may include:

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine —If the kidneys are not filtering the blood properly, the blood will contain excess amounts of creatinine and urea. Creatinine is a byproduct of muscle function, while urea is a waste product of protein metabolism.

Other tests to check blood component levels —These may include a complete blood count and a check on calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, blood electrolytes, and potassium levels.

Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) —A measurement of how well the kidneys are processing wastes. Your doctor can calculate the GFR based on gender, age, body size, and blood creatinine level.

Stage Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
1over 90 mL/min (normal)
260-89 mL/min (mild decrease)
330-59 mL/min (moderate decrease)
415-29 mL/min (severe decrease)
5under 15 mL/min (kidney failure or end-stage renal disease)

Urine tests —You may be asked to collect urine in a special container over a 24-hour period. This test will also show how well your kidneys are clearing creatinine. The amount of urine you produce is also significant. If your kidneys are failing—or starting to fail—you may produce little or no urine.

Renal imaging —The use of ultrasound, MRI scan, or CT scan to take pictures of the kidneys. These pictures will show whether urine flow is blocked or whether there is a change in the size of the kidneys. Some may use contrast material to highlight the structures.

Kidney biopsy—Tissue from the kidney is removed and examined under a microscope for abnormalities.

PreviousNext

References:

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated August 23, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR). National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/gfr. Accessed November 17, 2016.
Johnson CA, Levey AS,Coresh J, Levin A, Lau J, Eknoyan G. Clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease in adults: Part II. Glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria and other markers. Am Fam Phys. 2004;70(6):1091-1097.
What I need to know about kidney failure and how it's treated. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 2013. Accessed November 17, 2016.
What is kidney failure? National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneyFailure. Accessed November 17, 2016.
Last reviewed November 2016 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015

 

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Health Library: Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
36000 Darnall Loop Fort Hood, Texas 76544-4752 | Phone: (254) 288-8000