Treating depression depends on what you need. You and your doctor will work together to find the best method that works for you:
Psychotherapy for depression involves many types of counseling. This may be as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal or psychodynamic therapies. There may be time when you need more than 1 type. Talking through your problems will help you get a handle on how to cope with them.
CBT is very helpful in treating many types of depression. It will help you look at how you feel and think. It also helps you learn to see them in a more truthful way. Doing so will help you cope with real life problems as they come up.
This type helps you look at people in your life that cause or make depression worse. It shifts your focus away from the depression and your relations with others. It will help with your talking skills and boost your self-esteem.
Psychodynamic therapy helps you focus on the feelings you have the most problems with.
People in your family can also help you get better. They will learn about depression and how it can make your life harder. This will help them to cope so they can be more supportive.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to treat severe depression. ECT may be used in:
You'll be given medicine to help you relax. You'll be watched the whole time. A painless electrical current is sent out. It’s sent to your brain. You may need more ECT over weeks to months. This will depend on the problems you’re having.
Possible problems with ECT:
Transcranial magnetic stimulation involves the use of a large electromagnetic coil placed near the left side of the forehead. It sends out painless electrical currents. It's used on people who haven't gotten better using other methods.
These may be helpful for some people because it’s based on what you need. But they don’t work for all people who take them. Don't take any of these until you talk to your doctor first:
Music is the core of this type. This may involve listening to music, talking about lyrics, singing, or dancing. Many aspects of this are helpful for easing depression.
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Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD Last Updated: 11/13/2020