Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center - Health Library

Screening for Nutritional Anemia

The purpose of screening is to find and treat diseases early. They are given to people who may be at high risk, but who don’t have problems.

Screening Guidelines

Adult screening:

  • Non-pregnant women every 5 to 10 years—more often for those at high risk
  • Pregnant women at the first prenatal visit

Children should be screened at 9 to 12 months of age. Some may need testing more often if they’re at high risk.

Screening Tests

These can be done as part of a normal physical exam. Anemia can be found with these:

  • Hematocrit—Counts the ratio of your blood that’s red blood cells (RBCs).
  • Hemoglobin—Tests the amount of this protein in your blood. It carries oxygen to your cells.
  • Complete blood count (CBC)—Counts RBCs, white blood cells (these fight infection), and platelets (these help the blood to clot).
REFERENCES:

Anemia. American Society of Hematology website. Available at: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Anemia. Accessed October 15, 2018.

Anemia. National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute website. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/anemia. Accessed October 15, 2018.

Iron deficiency anemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115986/Iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults. Updated August 16, 2018. Accessed October 15, 2018.

Iron deficiency in children (infancy through adolescence). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T435307/Iron-deficiency-in-children-infancy-through-adolescence. Updated November 21, 2016. Accessed October 15, 2018.

Overview of decreased erythropoiesis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/anemias-caused-by-deficient-erythropoiesis/overview-of-decreased-erythropoiesis. Updated July 2018. Accessed October 15, 2018.

10/12/2010 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T435307/Iron-deficiency-in-children-infancy-through-adolescence: Baker R, Greer F, the Committee on Nutrition American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical report—diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). Pediatrics. 2010;126(5):1040-1050.

Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD  Last Updated: 10/15/2018