Many types of anemia are found early. This can happen when you have a blood test during a routine physical exam. It can also be found when you talk to your doctor about the problems you're having. Your doctor will also ask about your health record. If your doctor suspects you have anemia, then you'll be tested for it.
A complete blood count (CBC) tests the blood in your body. For anemia, red blood cells (RBCs) and hemoglobin levels are checked. With most types, if the level of hemoglobin is too low, a diagnosis can be made.
Once this happens, you will need to learn what type you have and what may be causing it. Your doctor may know this based on your health record and how you answer questions about your habits such as the foods you eat.
Common causes are:
You may have these:
Anemia. American Society of Hematology website. Available at: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Anemia. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Anemia. National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute website. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/anemia. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Anemia—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T240897/Anemia-differential-diagnosis. Updated January 21, 2016. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Complete blood count (CBC). Lab Tests Online—AACC website. Available at: https://labtestsonline.org/tests/complete-blood-count-cbc. Updated September 11, 2018. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Iron deficiency anemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115986/Iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults. Updated August 16, 2018. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Overview of decreased erythropoiesis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/anemias-caused-by-deficient-erythropoiesis/overview-of-decreased-erythropoiesis. Updated July 2018. Accessed October 12, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD Last Updated: 10/12/2018