Meniere disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It results in repeat attacks of vertigo and problems hearing.
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The exact cause is not known. It is thought to be caused by many factors, such as:
This problem is more common in people who are 30 to 60 years of age. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Problems may come and go. They may also be in one or both ears. A person may have:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the ears. You may need to see a doctor who treats ears.
A hearing test will be done.
There is no cure. The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms. Choices are:
People who are not helped by these methods may need surgery, such as:
There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Lopez-Escamez JA, Carey J, et al.; Classification Committee of the Barany Society, Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO), Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS), Korean Balance Society. Diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease. J Vestib Res. 2015;25(1):1-7.
Meniere disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/meniere-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Meniere's disease. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/menieres-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Meniere's disease. National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) website. Available at: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/menieres-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 03/24/2021