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Viral Pharyngitis

(Viral Sore Throat)

Definition

Viral pharyngitis is a sore, inflamed throat.

Sore Throat Due to Inflammation

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes    TOP

Viral pharyngitis is may be caused by one of several viruses. It often occurs with other viral infections, such as a common cold or the flu.

Risk Factors    TOP

Viral pharyngitis is more common in children and adolescents. Other factors that may increase your chances of viral pharyngitis include:

  • Living or working in crowded places, such as daycare centers or schools
  • Poor hygeine
  • Cigarette smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke
  • Allergies
  • Lowered immunity due to:

Symptoms    TOP

Viral pharyngitis may cause:

  • Sore, red, swollen throat
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Throat ulcerations
  • Swollen, tender lymph nodes in the neck and behind the ears
  • Decreased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Rashes

Diagnosis    TOP

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Most viral sore throats are diagnosed based on the symptoms and an examination of the throat. Sometimes, the throat will be swabbed to make sure that the sore throat is not caused by a bacterial strep infection.

Treatment    TOP

There are no treatments to cure viral pharyngitis. Most cases of viral pharyngitis resolve on their own within about a week.

Treatments to relieve symptoms include:

Over-the-Counter Pain Medication

Sore throat pain can be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Note : Aspirin can cause serious complications in some children with certain infections. It is best to avoid aspirin or aspirin products for children with infections.

Self-Care

You can relieve symptoms by:

  • Gargling with warm salt water can help relieve a sore throat.
  • Using throat lozenges.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids. Hot drinks and soups or cold fluids can be very soothing for a sore throat.
  • Using running a cool-mist humidifier. It can help keep your nasal passages moist and reduce congestion.

Prevention    TOP

To help reduce your chance of viral pharyngitis:

  • Practice good hygiene, including careful hand washing.
  • Do niot share food or beverages with other people.
  • Avoid areas where people are smoking.

RESOURCES:

American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
http://www.entnet.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
https://www.familydoctor.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

The College of Family Physicians of Canada
http://www.cfpc.ca

References:

Bisno AL. Acute pharyngitis. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(3):205-211.
Coco A, Kleinhans E. Prevalence of primary HIV infection in symptomatic ambulatory patients. Ann Fam Med. 2005;3(5):400-404.
Frye R, Bailey J, Blevins AE. Clinical inquiries. Which treatments provide the most relief for pharyngitis pain? J Fam Pract. 2011;60(5):293-294.
Murray RC, Chennupati SK. Chronic streptococcal and non-streptococcal pharyngitis. Infect Discord Drug Targets. 2012;12(4):281-285.
Pharyngitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114913/Pharyngitis. Updated August 25, 2016. Accessed August 14, 2017.
Recognizing primary HIV-1 infection. Infect Med. 1999;16(2):104-108,110.
Sore throats. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed August 14, 2017.
The respiratory tract and its infections. Harv Health Lett. 2010;35(4):1-4.
Last reviewed August 2017 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 9/30/2013

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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

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