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Surgery for Metabolic Syndrome
by Diane Safer, PhD and Deanna M. Neff, MPH
Weight loss is very important in preventing or managing metabolic syndrome. Before surgery is considered, lifestyle changes, dietary changes, and medications are often recommended.
Bariatric surgery is considered if a person:
There are several types of bariatric surgery options that can help you lose weight if you are obese and meet the other criteria:
Outcomes have been favorable for all of these surgery options in the majority of patients. The surgery can result in:
Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery. The most important risk is vitamin and mineral deficiency and should be carefully monitored. Most patients should be taking a vitamin and mineral supplement.
Bariatric surgery. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T483434/Bariatric-surgery. Updated August 4, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2016.
Bariatric surgery for severe obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated July 20, 2012. Accessed June 10, 2013.
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Maggard MA, Shugarman LR, Suttorp M, et al. Meta-analysis: surgical treatment of obesity. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(7):547-559
Morinigo R, Casamitjana R, Delgado S, et al. Insulin resistance, inflammation, and the metabolic syndrome following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in severely obese subjects. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(7):1906-1908.
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Vásquez LA, Pazos F, Berrazueta JR, et al. Effects of changes in body weight and insulin resistance on inflammation and endothelial function in morbid obesity after bariatric surgery. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005;90(1):316-322.
Wei-Jei L, Huang MT, Wang W, Lin CM, Chen TC, Lai IR. Effects of obesity surgery on the metabolic syndrome. Arch Surg. 2004;139(10):1088-1092.
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Last reviewed June 2016 by James Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015
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