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Reducing Your Risk of Metabolic Syndrome
by Diane Safer, PhD
Changing your lifestyle and taking better care of yourself can lower your risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
If You Are Overweight, Lower Your Weight
Eat Healthy Foods
The Mediterranean diet is one diet that may help to reduce your risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This diet emphasizes plant-based foods like fruits, veggies, grains, and olive oil. It also highlights low-to-moderate amounts of fish, poultry, and dairy products.
Increase Your Physical Activity
See Your Doctor
Other Ways to Reduce Your Risk
Work with your doctor to:
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Prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. American Heart Association website. Available at:
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Updated August 24, 2012. Accessed May 10, 2013.
Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III): Executive Summary. National Heart, Lung & Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health website. Available at:
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Accessed May 10, 2013.
7/22/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Kastorini CM, Milionis HJ, et al. The effect of Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome and its components: a meta-analysis of 50 studies and 534,906 individuals. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;57(11):1299-1313.
3/30/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Babio N, Toledo E, Estruch R, et al. Mediterranean diets and metabolic syndrome status in the PREDIMED randomized trial. CMAJ. 2014;186(17):E649-E657.
7/15/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Dibaba DT, Xun P, Fly AD, Yokota K, He K. Dietary magnesium intake and risk of metabolic syndrome: a meta-analysis. Diabet Med. 2014;31(11):1301-1309.
Last reviewed June 2016 by James Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 7/15/2015
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