|CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368|
Lifestyle Changes to Manage Metabolic Syndrome
by Diane Safer, PhD
Making lifestyle changes can help manage metabolic syndrome. The goal is to control the underlying factors that put you at risk for developing cardiovascular disease. If you are overweight or have diabetes, moderately increasing physical activity, losing 10% of your weight or more, and changing your eating habits can all have a significant impact.
It is important to set modest, attainable goals for yourself. Start by making small changes instead of trying to change everything all at once. You will be more successful and will continue to progress more easily.
Lifestyle changes you can make include:
Lower Your Weight
Eat a Healthy Diet
Increase Your Physical Activity
See Your Doctor
Ask your doctor to suggest programs and/or medications to help you quit smoking. This is extremely important.
Avoid Excess Alcohol Intake
Control Your Stress Level
Stress can contribute to weight gain and heart disease. Learn relaxation and stress management techniques.
Chan DC, Watts, Ng TW, Yamashita S, Barrett PH. Effect of weight loss on markers of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism in the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Clin Invest. 2008;38(10):743-751.
Cornier MA, Dabelea D, Hernandez TL, et al. The metabolic syndrome. Endocr Rev. 2008;29(7):777-822.
Deen D. Metabolic Syndrome: time for action. Am Fam Physician. 2004;69(12):2875-2882.
Ford ES, Giles WH, Dietz WH, et al. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA. 2002;287(3):356-359.
Gami AS, Witt BJ, Howard DE, et al. Metabolic syndrome and risk of incident cardiovascular events and death: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;49(4):403-414.
Grundy SM. Metabolic syndrome: a multiplex cardiovascular risk factor. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007;92(2):399-404.
Metabolic syndrome in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated March 11, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2016.
NCEP issues major new cholesterol guidelines. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed February 22. 2013.
Orchar TJ, Temprosa M, Goldberg R, et al. The effect of diet and exercise or metformin on the metabolic syndrome: The diabetes prevention program randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(8):611-619.
Pescatello LS, Blanchard BE, Van Heest JL, Maresh CM, Gordish-Dressman H, Thompson PD. The metabolic syndrome and the immediate antihypertensive effects of aerobic exercise: a randomized control design. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2008;8:12
Rosenzweig JL, Ferrannini E, Grundy SM, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in patients at metabolic risk: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93(10):3671-2689
Steinberger J, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, et al. AHA scientific statement: progress and challenges in metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. Circulation. 2009;119(4):628-647.
Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III): Executive Summary. National Heart, Lung & Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed February 22, 2013.
Tjønna AE, Lee SJ, Rognmo Ø, Stølen TO, et al. Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome: a pilot study. Circulation. 2008;118(4):346-354
1/13/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Salas-Salvadó J, Fernández-Ballart J, Ros E, et al. Effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts on metabolic syndrome status: one-year results of the PREDIMED randomized trial. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(22):2449-2458.
3/30/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Babio N, Toledo E, Estruch R, et al. Mediterranean diets and metabolic syndrome status in the PREDIMED randomized trial. CMAJ. 2014;186(17):E649-E657.
Last reviewed June 2016 by James Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.