The surgeon will make a small incision in the back. A wire is guided through the kidney and next to the stones to make a pathway.
will help locate the kidney stone(s) and map the path to them. The wire can help to widen the pathway so that an instrument with a small camera and surgical tools can be inserted. The stone may be broken apart with a probe or laser. The tools can then grab or suction out the stone pieces.
A drainage tube will be placed in the kidney to temporarily drain urine away from the kidney to the outside while the area heals. The incision will be stitched or stapled. The area may be covered with a bandage.
Right after the procedure, you will be in a recovery room where your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be monitored. Recovery may also include:
Antibiotics to prevent infection
Medication and compression stockings to prevent blood clots
X-rays to look for any remaining stone fragments
Removal of tube—often within 48 hours of procedure
You will be asked to walk around soon after your surgery. This helps circulate blood and prevent blood clots.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
Washing their hands
Wearing gloves or masks
Keeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as:
Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
Not allowing others to touch your incisions
Fatigue can continue for up to a month. Exercises and regular activity may be recommended to help your recovery. The hospital staff will provide instructions on caring for the wound to prevent infection.