Search in�� ��for��
Career Center
New Hospital Update
Learn More About MCI
Bill Payment
Upcoming Events
Find a Physician
Press Releases
Maps and Directions
Visiting Hours
Medical Services
Specialty Programs and Services
Volunteer Services
Birthing Center Tours
Family Care of Eastern Jackson County
Jackson County Medical Group
Family & Friends
Virtual Body
Virtual Cheercards
Web Babies
Decision Tools
Self-Assessment Tools
Natural and Alternative Treatments Main Index
Health Sources
Cancer InDepth
Heart Care Center
HealthDay News
Wellness Centers
Aging and Health
Alternative Health
Sports and Fitness
Food and Nutrition
Men's Health
Mental Health
Kids' and Teens' Health
Healthy Pregnancy
Travel and Health
Women's Health
Genus MD
Genus MD
Physician Websites
Legal Disclaimers
Privacy Notice

Send This Page To A Friend
Print This Page

Bladder Biopsy

(Biopsy, Bladder)



A bladder biopsy is a procedure to obtain a sample of your bladder tissue. It is usually done during a cystoscopy, a procedure that examines the bladder with a lighted scope. After the tissue is removed, it is examined under a microscope.

Cystoscopy of the Bladder

nucleus image

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


Reasons for Procedure    TOP

Bladder biopsies are done to look for tumors when bladder cancer is suspected. Biopsies may also be done to further investigate abnormalities of the bladder wall such as:

  • Inflammation
  • Cysts
  • Pouches
  • Ulcers
  • Polyps

Possible Complications    TOP

Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Pain, bleeding, or dribbling during urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Problems with leaking urine

What to Expect    TOP

Prior to Procedure

Your doctor may do a physical exam, imaging tests, or blood tests.

Before your biopsy:

  • Avoid eating or drinking for 8-12 hours
  • Talk to your doctor if you take any medications, herbs, or supplements. You may need to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
  • Arrange for a ride home and for someone to stay with you for the first night.


Local anesthesia is used to numb the area in and around the urethra. The urethra is a tube that allows urine to drain from the bladder to the outside of the body.

A sedative may be given to help you relax.

Description of Procedure    TOP

A small tool called a cystoscope will be inserted into the urethra and passed into the bladder. The bladder will be drained of urine. Next, the bladder will be filled with sterile water or saline solution to allow a better view of the bladder walls. Any suspicious tissue will be removed from the bladder wall for further testing.

How Long Will It Take?    TOP

Less than 30 minutes

How Much Will It Hurt?    TOP

You may feel some discomfort or urge to urinate when the bladder is filled during the biopsy. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.

Post-procedure Care    TOP

After the procedure, you may experience a burning sensation or see small amounts of blood when you urinate. This should go away within 48 hours.


Call Your Doctor    TOP

It is important to monitor your recovery. Alert your doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your doctor:

  • Increasing frequency, urgency, burning, or pain during urination.
  • You are unable to urinate or empty your bladder completely.
  • Increased blood in your urine.
  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills.

If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.


American Cancer Society

Urology Care Foundation


Canadian Cancer Society

Canadian Urological Association


Cystoscopy. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed December 19, 2017.

Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diagnostic-tests/cystoscopy-ureteroscopy. Updated June 2015. Accessed December 19, 2017.

Q&A: What you should know before surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists Lifeline to Modern Medicine website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed December 19, 2017.

Tests for bladder cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/how-diagnosed.html. Updated May 23, 2016. Accessed December 19, 2017.

Last reviewed November 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014

Health References
Health Conditions
Therapeutic Centers

Copyright � 1999-2007
ehc.com; All rights reserved.
Terms & Conditions of Use
Privacy Statement
Medical Center of Independence
17203 E. 23rd St.
Independence,� MO� 64057
Telephone: (816) 478-5000