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Foreign Accent Syndrome

(FAS)

Pronounced: FOR-en AK-sent SIN-drome

 

Definition

Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is a rare speech disorder. If you have FAS, you adopt what sounds like a foreign accent, even though you may never have traveled to that particular country.

Stroke—Common Cause of Foreign Accent Syndrome

si1213_97870_1_Ischemic Stroke.jpg

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

 

Causes    TOP

FAS is caused by damage to the part of the brain that controls the rhythm and melody of speech. The damage may be due to:

FAS is also linked it to other symptoms, such as:

  • Aphasia —a communication disorder that can affect the ability to understand and express language
  • Speech apraxia —a speech disorder that affects the ability to make sounds, syllables, and words
 

Risk Factors    TOP

Factors that increase your chance of FAS include:

  • High risk for stroke
  • Aphasia or apraxia
 

Symptoms    TOP

Those with foreign accent syndrome speak in a distorted rhythm and tone, such as:

  • Making vowel sounds longer and lower such as changing English “yeah” to German “jah”
  • Changing sound quality by moving the tongue or jaw differently while speaking
  • Substituting words or using inappropriate words to describe something
  • Stringing sentences together the wrong way

If you have FAS, you may be able to speak easily and without anxiety. Other people are able to understand you. The accent that you have adopted could be within the same language, such as American-English to British-English.

Symptoms can last for months, years, or may be permanent.

 

Diagnosis    TOP

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done paying particular attention to the muscles used in speech. A psychological evaluation may also be done to rule out psychiatric conditions.

Your language skills will be assessed. This can be done with:

  • Tests to assess reading, writing, and language comprehension
  • Use of recordings to analyze speech patterns

Images will be taken of your brain. This can be done with:

Your brain's electrical activity may be measured. This can be done with an electroencephalogram (EEG).

Since this condition is rare, you will most likely be evaluated by a team of specialists, including:

  • Speech-language pathologist
  • Neurologist
  • Neuropsychologist
  • Psychologist
 

Treatment    TOP

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

  • Speech therapy—You may be taught how to better move your lips and jaw during speech.
  • Counseling —Since FAS is a rare disorder, you may feel isolated and embarrassed. Counseling can help you and your family better cope with the condition.
 

Prevention    TOP

Since FAS is closely linked to stroke, follow these guidelines to prevent stroke:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat a healthful diet.
  • If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
  • Drink alcohol only in moderation. Two drinks or less per day for men and one drink or less per day for women.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Check your blood pressure often.
  • Take a low dose of aspirin if your doctor says it is safe.
  • Keep chronic conditions under control.
  • Call for emergency medical services if you have symptoms of a stroke, even if symptoms stop.
  • Do not use drugs.
RESOURCES:

Foreign Accent Syndrome Support—University of Texas at Dallas
http://www.utdallas.edu

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://www.heartandstroke.com

Speech-Language and Audiology Canada
http://sac-oac.ca

REFERENCES:

About FAS. Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS) Support website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed November 23, 2014.

Garst D, Katz W. Foreign accent syndrome. ASHA Leader. 2006;11:10-11,31.

Miller N. Foreign accent syndrome. Not such a funny turn. Inter J Ther & Rehab. 2007;14:388.

Foreign accent syndrome. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed November 9, 2017.

Reeves, R, Burke R, Parker, J. Characteristics of psychotic patients with foreign accent syndrome. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;19(1):70-76.



Last reviewed November 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014

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