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Calcific Tendonitis of the Shoulder

Pronounced: Cal-sa-fic Ten-don-it is of the Shoulder

 

Definition

Calcific tendonitis occurs when calcium deposits form in the tendons in the shoulder.

Tendons of the Shoulder

Rotator cuff labeled

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

 

Causes    TOP

Calcific tendonitis may be caused by:

  • Overuse, repetitive motions
  • Injury
 

Risk Factors    TOP

Your risk of calcific tendonitis of the shoulder may be increased if you:

  • Participate in sports that require repetitive arm use such as baseball, swimming, javelin throwing, and volleyball
  • Have a job that requires repetitive arm use such as painting, carpentry, and welding
 

Symptoms    TOP

Symptoms may include:

  • Sudden onset of pain
  • Intense pain with shoulder movement
  • Stiffness of shoulder
  • Loss of shoulder range of motion
  • Pain that disrupts sleep
  • Tenderness over rotator cuff
  • Loss of muscle mass
 

Diagnosis    TOP

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. It will assess your range of motion and stability.

Images may be taken of your shoulder. This can be done with an x-ray.

You may be referred to a specialist. For example, an orthopedic surgeon specializes in bones.

 

Treatment    TOP

Most cases of calcific tendonitis resolve over time. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Options include the following:

Medical Treatment

Your medical treatment plan will likely include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Rest
  • Heat and/or ice
  • A steroid shot directly into your shoulder to decrease inflammation and pain

Physical Therapy

A therapist will use different treatments to decrease the pain and inflammation. Possible treatments include:

  • Ultrasound—a device that uses high energy sound waves to decrease pain in soft tissue
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)—used to decrease muscle stiffness or spasms

When the symptoms have started to decrease, a therapist will help to strengthen your muscles and increase range of motion.

Lavage Treatment    TOP

Lavage may help flush out the calcium deposits. A needle is placed directly into the shoulder. Normal saline is injected through the needles. The deposits are then broken up for removal.

Shock Wave Therapy    TOP

This therapy breaks up deposits by sending sound waves to the shoulder. The body can then reabsorb the smaller pieces. This should decrease symptoms.

Surgery    TOP

In some cases, surgery may be done to remove deposits. The procedure is called arthroscopy. It uses small incisions and instruments to view the joint and remove the deposits.

 

Prevention    TOP

To help reduce the chance of calcific tendonitis of the shoulder:

  • Limit repetitive movements in the upper arm.
  • Use weights to keep shoulder muscles strong.
  • Change your workout routine or sports to rest the shoulder.
RESOURCES:

Arthroscopy Association of North America
http://www.aana.org

Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Orthopaedic Association
http://www.coa-aco.org

When it Hurts to Move—Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
http://whenithurtstomove.org

REFERENCES:

Calcific tendonitis. Internet Society of Orthopaedic Surgery & Trauma website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 4, 2015. Accessed August 24, 2017.

Calcific tendonitis. Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Physicians website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed August 24, 2017.

Impingement of the shoulder. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated February 2011. Accessed August 24, 2017.

Impingement syndrome of rotator cuff. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114840/Impingement-syndrome-of-rotator-cuff . Updated January 20, 2017. Accessed August 24, 2017.



Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM
Last Updated: 9/9/2014

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