Welcome to MEDtropolis®, home of the Virtual Body.
Cancer Education
Decision Tools
Health Sources
Family & Friends
Health Conditions

Therapeutic Centers

Health References

Human Papillomavirus Testing

(HPV Testing; Testing, HPV; Testing, Human Papillomavirus)

 

Definition

This is a test to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a virus spread by sexual contact. Certain types of HPV increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. HPV is also the cause of genital warts.

The HPV test is approved to detect some types of HPV on a woman's cervix. The cervix is located in deepest part of the vagina. Currently, there is no test to screen men for this condition.

Cervix

nucleus image

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

 

Reasons for the Test    TOP

The HPV test is done if you are 21 years or older and have abnormal Pap smear results. If you are 30 years or older, your doctor may also use the HPV test along with the Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer.

 

Possible Complications    TOP

There are no major complications associated with this test.

 

What to Expect    TOP

Prior to Test

Do not schedule the test during your menstrual period.

To be more comfortable, urinate before the test.

Description of Test

You will lie on your back. Your feet are placed in foot rests. You will be asked to let your legs fall open to the sides. A medical instrument called a speculum will be gently inserted into the vagina. It opens the vagina so that the cervix can be viewed. A swab will be inserted into the vagina. The swab will be used to wipe the surface of the cervix. This test is most often performed at the same time you are having a Pap smear.

How Long Will It Take?    TOP

This test takes less than five minutes.

Will It Hurt?    TOP

There is no pain associated with this test.

Results    TOP

Results of the HPV test may take two to three weeks. Your doctor will talk to you about your results. Depending on the results, you may need more tests or treatments.

 

Call Your Doctor    TOP

After the test, call your doctor if any of the following occur:

  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Foul vaginal odor, pain, or unusual vaginal discharge
  • Severe abdominal pain or swelling

If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.

RESOURCES:

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Sexuality and U—The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sexualityandu.ca

The Sex Information & Education Council of Canada
http://www.sieccan.org

REFERENCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

Genital HPV infection—fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated November 16, 2017. Accessed August 10, 2018.

HPV and men—fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated July 14, 2017. Accessed August 10, 2018.

Human papillomavirus testing. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated June 7, 2017. Accessed August 10, 2018.



Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG
Last Updated: 8/10/2018

MEDtropolis �
2545 Park Plaza
Nashville,�TN�37203
Telephone: (615) 344-6060
You May Also Visit Us At�http://www.VirtualBody.org
Copyright � 1999-2008�
ehc.com All rights reserved.