A vasectomy is done as permanent birth control. This option is for men who are sure they will not want to father a child in the future. There is a surgery to reverse a vasectomy. However, the reversal is not always successful.
—One small cut will be made in the skin on each side of the scrotum. The vas deferens will be pulled through the openings. The tubes will then be cut. A small piece of the tubes may also be removed. The ends of the tube will be sealed off with stitches, clips, or an electrical pulse. The vas deferens will then be placed back into the scrotum. The incision will be closed with stitches.
—The doctor will locate the vas deferens under the scrotal skin. A clamp will be attached to hold it in place. A special tool will be used to punch a small hole in the skin. The hole will be stretched open to pull the vas deferens through. The tubes will then be cut and sealed as above. The holes will heal without stitches.
Vas clip vasectomy
—The vas deferens will be exposed in either of the 2 manners above. Special clips will be placed around each vas deferens and cinched in place. The clips will block the flow of sperm beyond the position of the clip.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Do not lift heavy objects or participate in sports for 2-3 weeks.
Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity.
Use another form of birth control until tests show that there is no sperm in your semen
A vasectomy may not make you sterile right away. Tests will be done to look for any sperm in the semen. The tests may be done at your doctor's office or with a home test kit. These tests are done to make sure that the procedure was effective.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website. Available at:
https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/vasectomy/Pages/default.aspx. Updated June 3, 2013. Accessed December 18, 2017.
Planned Parenthood website. Available at:
https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/birth-control/vasectomy. Accessed December 18, 2017.