Some people become very sensitive to certain allergens or triggers. When they come in contact with it the immune system has a severe overreaction. This leads to the symptoms of anaphylaxis. Common triggers include:
Foods and food additives, especially eggs, peanuts, seafood, cow's milk, soy, fish, shellfish, seeds, and tree nuts
Insect stings or bites from bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets, and fire ants
Medications such as antibiotics (especially penicillin), medications used in anesthesia, seizure medications, and muscle relaxants
Once you have had a reaction you have a higher risk of having another. Your doctor may give you a tool that allows you to easily inject epinephrine. It will slow or stop reaction from an allergen. You can keep it with you at all times. Be sure family and friends know how to use the tool too. Make sure the epinephrine has not expired.
Make sure the school nurse and teachers know about any allergies your child has. If your child has self-injectable epinephrine, make sure school staff knows how to use it and understand when it is needed.
Note: If you use your tool, you should go to the emergency room right away. Your symptoms can come back quickly even if they appear to have gone away.
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Sampson, HA, Munoz-Furlong, A, Campbell, et al. Second symposium on the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report—Second National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium.
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