Appendicitis may be caused by something trapped in the appendix, such as:
A piece of dried stool
A piece of food
Barium after an exam
Overgrowth of the lymph tissue of the appendix
The lining of the appendix continues to produce mucus. It has no place to go. Bacteria normally found in the intestines buildup and make toxins in the lining of the appendix. Pressure builds and causes severe pain in the abdomen. The wall of the appendix can break open. The contents of a ruptured appendix can spill into the abdominal cavity, which can lead to a life-threatening infection called
peritonitis. Appendicitis needs to be treated right away.
There are no current guidelines to prevent appendicitis. It starts quickly and the cause is usually unknown. Get medical care right away for severe abdominal pain. It will decrease the risk of rupture.
Appendectomy. American College of Surgeons website. Available at:
https://www.facs.org/~/media/files/education/patient%20ed/app.ashx. Updated 2014. Accessed January 9, 2018.
Appendicitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated January 2017. Accessed January 9, 2018.
Appendicitis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/appendicitis. Accessed January 9, 2018.
7/13/2007 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Styrud J, Eriksson S, Nilsson I, et al. Appendectomy versus antibiotic treatment in acute appendicitis. a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. World J Surg. 2006;30:1033-1037.