is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a thin sac that lies between bone and soft tissue. It can be found near some joints. A healthy bursa allows smooth movement of soft tissue over bone. If a bursa becomes inflamed it can make movement painful.
You will be asked about your symptoms. The doctor may also ask about your daily habits and any injuries. The painful area will be looked at carefully. The diagnosis is often made based on how the area looks and symptoms.
Bursitis treatment will focus on decreasing inflammation and pain. The main step is to stop the activity causing the pain. You will be asked to rest the area and protect it from injury. Your doctor may also recommend:
Applying ice to the area in the first few days
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for inflammation and pain
Crutches or a cane if knee or hip bursitis needs support
Most bursitis will clear up with basic care. However, it can become a long-term problem if the cause is not relieved. Options for chronic bursitis or bursitis that does not respond to steps above include:
Chronic bursitis may need more aggressive treatment. Additional steps may include:
A corticosteroid injection
Often only offered for bursitis that is very painful and not responding to basic care.
Have short-term benefits and some risk. Talk to your doctor about benefits and risks for you.
Physical therapy—sessions may include exercises and heat therapy
Surgery—only if all other treatments are not effective
Bursitis. The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed November 10, 2017.
Bursitis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/bursitis. Updated February 28, 2017. Accessed November 10, 2017.
Elbow (olecranon) bursitis. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated January 2011. Accessed November 10, 2017.
Hip bursitis. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated March 2014. Accessed November 10, 2017.
Tendinitis and bursitis. American College of Rheumatology. Available at:
https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Tendinitis-Bursitis. Updated May 2015. Accessed November 10, 2017.