With heart failure, the heart is unable to pump the right amount of blood throughout the body. This causes blood to back up in the veins. Depending on which part of the heart is affected, this can lead to a buildup of excess fluid in the lungs, feet, and elsewhere. Heart failure can worsen with time, which may lead to the use of many treatments. Because of this, doctors are aggressive in treating heart failure to try to prevent it from worsening.
In some cases, you may need to restrict salt and fluid intake.
Begin an exercise program with guidance from your doctor.
may help improve your level of physical activity and quality of life.
You should aim to exercise for 20-30 minutes at least 5 times each week. You can begin slowly and work your way to this goal. Talk to your doctor before you start an exercise program.
Weigh yourself every morning. This will allow you to quickly detect if you are retaining fluid. Call your doctor if you gain three or more pounds in one day, five or more pounds in one week, or whatever amount you were told to report. The best time to weigh yourself is before breakfast and after urinating. You should weigh yourself while wearing the same type of clothes, without shoes, and on the same scale. This will help you to know that your weight is accurate.
Lifestyle changes for heart failure. American Heart Association website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated May 9, 2017. Accessed September 13, 2017.
Paterna S, Parrinello G, Cannizzaro S, et al. Medium term effects of different dosage of diuretic, sodium, and fluid administration on neurohormonal and clinical outcome in patients with recently compensated heart failure.
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Physical changes to report. American Heart Association website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated May 9, 2017. Accessed September 13, 2017.
Yancy CW, Jessup M, Bozkurt B, et al. 2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of heart failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;62(16):e147-e239.