(FM; Fibromyalgia Syndrome; FMS)
Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting problem that causes a person to have muscle pain and feel weak.
Fibromyalgia Trigger Points
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The cause is not known. It may be linked to genes, certain health problems, and stress.
This problem is more common in women who are middle aged. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Having other family members who have it
Trauma or injury
A person with this problem will have muscle pain and feel weak. Others problems are:
Feelings of hopelessness; worrying a lot
Being sensitive to touch
Problems with focus, thought, or memory
Being sensitive to noises, light, or odors
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. An exam will be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.
The goal of treatment is to ease symptoms. Choices are:
Exercise at least four times a week for 30 minutes each time.
Strength training exercises and aerobic exercises like swimming are best.
These medicines may be given:
Antidepressants to ease pain
Anti-seizure medicine to ease pain and help with sleep problems
Cannabinoids to help with sleep problems
Fibromyalgia cannot be prevented. The cause is not known.
American College of Rheumatology
The American Fibromyalgia Syndrome Association
http://www.afsafund.org CANADIAN RESOURCES:
The Arthritis Society
Fibromyalgia Information and Local Support
About fibromyalgia. National Fibromyalgia Association website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed October 31, 2019.
Fibromyalgia. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated March 2019. Accessed October 31, 2019.
Fibromyalgia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
https://www.dynamed.com/condition/fibromyalgia. Updated September 20, 2019. Accessed October 31, 2019.
Fibromyalgia. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
Updated July 2014. Accessed October 31, 2019.
Macfarlane GJ, Kronisch C, et al. EULAR revised recommendations for the management of fibromyalgia. Ann Rheum Dis. 2017 Feb;76(2):318-328full-text, commentary can be found in Nat Rev Rheumatol 2016 Oct;12(10);568.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 10/31/2019