This condition is diagnosed with blood tests. These tests measure the levels of
in the blood.
of a fasting
blood test including:
LDL (bad cholesterol)
HDL (good cholesterol)
Different major medical organizations have different recommendations for screening high triglycerides:
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) advises that people have their lipids checked at least once every 5 years, starting at age 20.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) advises routine screening in men 35 years of age or older and women 45 years of age or older.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) advises lipid screening for children at risk, such as those with a family history of hyperlipidemia or significant obesity starting between 2 to 8 years of age.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) advises routine screening at 9 to 11 years old and again at 12 to 17 years old.
Your doctor may advise more frequent or earlier testing if you have a:
Family history of hyperlipidemia
Risk factor or disease that may cause hyperlipidemia
There are a number of drugs available, such as
statins, fibrates, and niacin to treat this condition. These may help prevent complications from very high triglyceride levels, such as pancreatitis. They may also help lower the risk for heart disease. They may be used alone or together in different combinations. Talk to your doctor about whether these medications are right for you.
These medications are best used as additions to diet and exercise and should not replace healthy lifestyle changes.