Cancer is the out of control growth of cells. Uterine cancer is the growth of cancer cells in the uterus. The walls of the uterus are is made of an inner and outer lining. The endometrium is the inner lining. The myometrium is the muscular, outer lining. The most common type of uterine cancer (adenocarcinoma) begins in the endometrium. Less common cancers called sarcomas, begin in the myometrium.
Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. Normally, cells divide in a regulated manner. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a clump of tissue forms, called a growth or tumor. These types of growth, called malignancy, can invade nearby tissues. Cancer that has invaded nearby tissues can then spread to other parts of the body.
Exposure to estrogen seems to have a strong link to uterine cancer. It is not clear exactly what causes cancer cells to develop. It is probably a combination of genetics and environment.
—a lighted scope with a camera is used to examine the uterus
—presence of cancer may indicate it has spread beyond the uterus
The physical exam combined with all of your test results, will help to determine the stage of cancer you have. Staging is used to guide your treatment plan. Like other cancers, uterine cancer is staged from I-IV (1-4). Stage I is a cancer that has stayed in one area, while stage IV cancer is one that has spread to other parts of the body.
This is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells.
may be given as an injection, through a catheter, or by mouth. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells, but also some healthy cells. Chemotherapy may have limited benefit for treating uterine cancer.
Endometrial cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated March 2017. Accessed January 8, 2018.
General information about endometrial cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at:
https://www.cancer.gov/types/uterine/patient/endometrial-treatment-pdq. Updated October 13, 2017. Accessed January 8, 2018.
1/11/2018 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Jordan SJ, Na R, Johnatty SE, et al. Breastfeeding and endometrial cancer risk: an analysis from the epidemiology of cancer consortium. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;129(6):10599-1067.