Meningitis is swelling and inflammation of layers that surround the brain and spine. It can lead to a series of symptoms. Viral meningitis is caused by a virus. It is often less serious than bacterial meningitis.
Viruses spread from person to person in different ways. Some may be released in air with coughs or sneezes. Others may spread through contact with infected fluids or mosquito bites. Contact with someone who has viral meningitis is not likely to result in meningitis.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. A sample of fluid around the spine and brain will be taken and tested. It will confirm meningitis. Blood, urine, sputum, and spinal fluid may also be tested. It will help to confirm the infection is caused by a virus instead of bacteria.
Images of the brain, spine, and skull may be taken with: