The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam may be done.
Blood tests can confirm CMV. A saliva test will be needed for infants.
In those with a healthy immune system, CMV will often go away on its own.
Severe infections are treated with antiviral medicine. Other treatment will depend on how severe the infection. The involved organs will also pay a role. The medicine may be given by pill or IV. The length of treatment varies.
The risk of CMV infection is lowered by:
Practicing safe sex
Washing hands often, especially after changing diapers
Chen SJ, Wang SC, et al. Antiviral agents as therapeutic strategies against cytomegalovirus infections. Viruses. 2019;12(1):21.
Cytomegalovirus. Family Doctor—American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/cytomegalovirus.html. Accessed February 3, 2021.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and congenital CMV infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/cmv/index.html. Accessed February 3, 2021.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in immunocompetent patients. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cytomegalovirus-cmv-infection-in-immunocompetent-patients. Accessed February 3, 2021.
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