Bronchospasm is a narrowing of the airways after contact with a trigger. Bronchospasm is a symptom, not a diagnosis. The overreaction of the airway to a trigger may be called reactive airway disease. It is a term that may be used for a 1-time event or as a holder until a diagnosis can be made.
The narrow airway is caused by a spasm of muscles around the airway, swelling, and increased mucus. It is triggered by allergens, infections, cold air, or chemicals. The exact trigger varies from person to person.
It is not clear what causes the tissue to overreact. It may be a combination of things in environment, genetics, and biology.
The risk of bronchospasm is higher in children with:
Family history of reactive airway disease or asthma
History of allergies
Bronchospasm can cause:
Tightness in the chest
Shortness of breath
Hard time breathing
The doctor will ask about child’s symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may be done to look for possible allergies. Other tests will be done to look for possible causes including infections or lung issues. Asthma
may be diagnosed if symptoms last for more than 6 months.
Medicine can help to ease swelling when symptoms are present. One or more of these may be used:
Bronchodilators to open the airways
Corticosteroids to ease inflammation
Mast cell stabilizers or leukotriene inhibitors to prevent inflammation
Stop Flare Ups
Finding triggers can stop more events. Triggers can be avoided or managed. Steps will depend on the trigger or allergy.
It is not clear why some people have this reaction. This means there are no steps to prevent it.
Reactive Airway Disease in Children. Boys Town National Research Hospital website. Available at: https://www.boystownhospital.org/knowledgeCenter/articles/EarNoseThroat/Pages/rad-in-children.aspx. Accessed August 22, 2020.
Reactive Airway Disease in Children. Kaiser Permanente website. Available at: https://healthy.kaiserpermanente.org/health/care/consumer/health-wellness/conditions-diseases/he2/!ut/p/a1/hc7BboJAEAbgp-GoM4BS7A1tBKSgbU2lXJoFRiCuuwTWEvv0BeuhTdo4t8l88-eHBGJIBPuoCqYqKRgf9sR6X65e1vO57qDrekv0vQdXD3TXQNuCHSTQC_xnHBzuPyPWk5mNfrjwFn4UILrGFWwc9O0Qpzo6poW-tTWDuzDS0Z1cAZr-03eJjYW9DbbB6ywwEQ1YQVJwmV76vpVK1fcaaphJoUiohkRODTVaX4XLjHGCmMTo1N7CTJ3r3pbEuCpHJLJzxmVNecVufZZdlUN82tto4GAdkZp2AUlD-4GMT03fdAhoLwld140LKQtO40wetT9fStkqiH9LiDx5JKgPh2fv85F2tpqmZ7P7AmEp7Vo!/dl5/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/. Accessed August 22, 2020.
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