Having a family member with this problem raises a person's risk.
A person may have problems:
Learning to speak
Learning letters and their sounds
Reading and writing at grade level
Organizing written and spoken words
Learning a new language
Learning number facts
Doing math problems
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam, hearing, and vision tests will be done. Exams may also need to be done by a learning specialist, a psychologist, or a neurologist.
There is no cure. Getting treated early can help a child learn to cope. Teachers, tutors, and learning specialists can help. Choices may be:
Remediation is a way of teaching language skills. Some methods are:
Teaching small amounts at a time
Teaching the same topics many times, also known as over-teaching
Using all senses to help a child learn
Compensatory strategies are ways to work-around the problems caused by dyslexia. Some methods are:
Audio taping classroom lessons, homework assignments, and texts
Dyslexia. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/dyslexia.html. Updated September 2018. Accessed April 8, 2020.
Dyslexia basics. International Dyslexia Association website. Available at: http://eida.org/dyslexia-basics. Accessed April 8, 2020.
Frequently asked questions about dyslexia. International Dyslexia Association website. Available at: http://eida.org/frequently-asked-questions-2. Accessed April 8, 2020.
Understanding dyslexia. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/learning/dyslexia.html. Updated September 2018. Accessed April 8, 2020.
Understanding dyslexia. Understood for Learning and Attention Issues website. Available at: https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/dyslexia/understanding-dyslexia. Accessed April 8, 2020.
Last reviewed February 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 4/8/2020
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