A pituitary adenoma is an abnormal growth, or tumor, in the pituitary gland. The pituitary is a small complicated gland at the base of the brain. It makes several important hormones that regulate growth and the activity of several other major glands throughout the body. A pituitary adenoma is an abnormal growth, or tumor, in this gland. Pituitary adenomas are usually benign. This means they are not cancerous. They do not spread to other parts of the body. They can lead to vision problems because they are behind and near the eyes. A pituitary adenoma can also lead to growth problems. It often can also change the hormonal balance of the thyroid, adrenal, and gonad glands.
Becker A, Daly AF. The clinical, pathological, and genetic features of familial isolated pituitary adenomas. Eur J Endocrinol 2007;57(4):371-82.
Beshay VE, Beshay JE, Halvorson LM. Pituitary tumors: diagnosis, management, and implications for reproduction. Semin Reprod Med 2007;25(5):388-401.
General information about pituitary tumors. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/types/pituitary/patient/pituitary-treatment-pdq. Updated January 3, 2014. Accessed February 27, 2014.
NINDS pituitary tumors information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/pituitary_tumors/pituitary_tumors.htm. Updated February 14, 2014. Accessed February 27, 2014.
Pituitary tumors. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003133-pdf.pdf. Accessed February 27, 2014.
Last reviewed March 2018 by
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Kim Carmichael, MD
Last Updated: 4/29/2014
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