Some people do not have symptoms. Those who do may have:
Swelling from fluid buildup
Urine that has blood or looks foamy
Lower amounts of urine
Dry, itchy skin
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of hunger
Muscle cramps at night
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
You may need to see a doctor who treats kidney diseases.
Blood and urine tests will be done to check kidney function.
Images may need to be taken of the kidneys. This can be done with an ultrasound.
A small sample of the kidney may need to be removed and tested. This can be done with a kidney
Some people with the acute form may get better with time. Others may need treatment to keep the kidney working. This also lowers the risk of further injury. Treatment depends on the cause. Options may be:
Stopping or changing medicines that are harming the kidneys
Control problems that hurt the kidneys, such as high blood pressure and diabetes
Manage problems caused by the condition, such as swelling, nausea, or feeling tired
Lifestyle changes, such as dietary changes, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight
Awdishu, L., Mehta, R.L. The 6R’s of drug induced nephrotoxicity. BMC Nephrol 18, 124 (2017).
Glomerular disease-approach to patient. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/approach-to/glomerular-disease-approach-to-the-patient. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Glomerulonephritis. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/glomerul. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Overview of glomerular disorders. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/glomerular-disorders/overview-of-glomerular-disorders. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/30/2020
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