Hallucinations—hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, or feeling things that are not there
Delusions—unusual or false beliefs
Sudden changes in mood or odd behavior
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will ask about use of substances. This includes alcohol use, illegal drugs, medicines, supplements and herbs. A mental health exam will be done.
Blood and urine tests will be done. This is to check for substances or imbalances in the body.
Treatment of psychosis depends on the cause. Hospital care may be needed until the condition is managed. Options may be:
Ahsan MS, Mullick MS, et al. Substance use among the patients with first episode psychosis. Mymensingh Med J. 2018;27(2):313-320.
First psychosis–approach to the patient. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/approach-to/first-episode-psychosis-approach-to-the-patient. Accessed March 12, 2021.
Psychosis. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/a_z_mental_health_and_addiction_information/psychosis/Pages/Psychosis.aspx. Accessed March 12, 2021.
Psychosis. National Alliance on Mental Illness website. Available at: https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Psychosis Accessed March 12, 2021.
Psychosis. NHS Choices website. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Psychosis/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed March 12, 2021.
Psychosis. Rethink Mental Illness website. Available at: https://www.rethink.org/diagnosis-treatment/conditions/psychosis. Accessed March 12, 2021.
Last reviewed January 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 3/12/2021
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