Factors that may increase your chance of psychosis include:
A family history of severe mental illness
Complications during pregnancy or birth
Loss of parent during childhood
Poor family functioning
Symptoms can vary but may include:
Hallucinations—hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, or feeling things that are not actually there
Delusions—unusual or false beliefs
Confusion or disorientation
Sudden changes in mood or bizarre behavior
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Information about alcohol use, illegal drugs, prescription medications, supplements, and herbs will also be collected. A psychiatric evaluation will be done.
Bodily fluids may be tested to look for the presence of substances that can cause problems or to look for imbalance in the body. This can be done with:
Treatment will depend on the cause of your psychosis. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Hospitalization may be needed until the psychosis is managed. Options may include one or more of the following:
Psychological therapy treatments are often recommended in addition to medication. There are several different types of therapies such as:
Olin SC, Mednick SA. Risk factors of psychosis: identifying vulnerable populations premorbidly. Schizophr Bull. 1996;22(2):223-240.
Psychosis. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/a_z_mental_health_and_addiction_information/psychosis/Pages/Psychosis.aspx. Accessed October 4, 2017.
Psychosis. NHS Choices website. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Psychosis/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Updated December 23, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2017.
Psychosis. Rethink Mental Illness website. Available at: https://www.rethink.org/diagnosis-treatment/conditions/psychosis. Updated February 2016. Accessed October 4, 2017.
What is early and first-episode psychosis? National Alliance on Mental Illness website. Available at: https://www.nami.org/getattachment/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Early-Psychosis-and-Psychosis/NAMI-Early-Psychosis.pdf. Accessed October 4, 2017.
Last reviewed September 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 10/13/2015
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