Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and possibly other problems.
Periodontitis is caused by untreated gingivitis. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums due to plaque buildup on the teeth. Plaque is a filmy coating made from bacteria. Unless removed, plaque can get under the gums. Once there, plaque can create pockets around the teeth. Bacteria can collect in these pockets. This may cause ongoing inflammation. It may also damage tissues and bones that hold teeth in place.
Gingivitis and periodontitis in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/gingivitis-and-periodontitis-in-adults. Accessed July 30, 2021.
Johnson TM. Smoking and periodontal disease. US Army Med Dep J. 2017;(3-17):67-70.
Periodontal (gum) disease: cause, symptoms, and treatment. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/gum-disease/more-info. Accessed July 30, 2021.
Treatments. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: https://www.perio.org/consumer/periodontal-treatments-and-procedures. Accessed July 30, 2021.
Last reviewed July 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Dan Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 7/30/2021
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