Neurofibromatosis is an inherited problem that causes tumors in the nervous system. They happen in the nerves or the tissue that surrounds them. Neurofibromatosis has three types:
neurofibromatosis type 1
(NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis. The type a person has depends on the genes that are affected.
This article focuses on NF2. These tumors tend to happen in the central nervous system. The eighth cranial nerve is the one most affected. It affects hearing and balance.
Intro to NF. Children's Tumor Foundation website. Available at: https://www.ctf.org/understanding-nf/nf2. Accessed February 12, 2021.
Neurofibromatosis type 2. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/neurofibromatosis-type-2. Accessed February 12, 2021.
Neurofibromatosis information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Neurofibromatosis-Information-Page. Accessed February 12, 2021.
Ruggieri M, Praticò AD, et al. Diagnosis, Management, and New Therapeutic Options in Childhood Neurofibromatosis Type 2 and Related Forms. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2015 Dec;22(4):240-258.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
James P. Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 2/12/2021
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