—a sample of bile duct cells is removed and tested
The exam and test results will be used for staging. This will outline how far and fast the cancer has spread.
The goal is to remove the cancer, if possible. Treatment depends on the stage and site of the cancer. It also depends on the person's health. A combination of treatments may be used. Options may include:
Surgery, to try to remove the cancer, which may include:
For perihilar bile duct cancer—part of the liver, bile duct, and gall bladder may be removed
For intrahepatic bile duct cancer—part of the liver or an entire lobe may be removed
For distal bile duct cancer—part of the pancreas and small intestine may be removed
Surgery to ease symptoms, such as—a tube or stent to open a blocked bile duct
Chemotherapy by mouth, injection, or IV—to kill cancer cells
Bile duct cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bile-duct-cancer.html. Accessed March 19, 2021.
Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). Cancer.Net—American Society of Clinical Oncology website. Available at: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bile-duct-cancer-cholangiocarcinoma. Accessed March 19, 2021.
Cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cholangiocarcinoma-and-gallbladder-cancer . Accessed March 19, 2021.
Doherty B, Nambudiri VE, et al. Update on the diagnosis and treatment of cholangiocarcinoma. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2017;19(1):2.
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