Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) is bleeding from the vagina that happens after a woman has stopped having regular menstrual periods because of
menopause. Any vaginal bleeding that occurs 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual period is considered PMB.
Your doctor may need cell and tissue samples. This can be done with:
Cervical cancer screening
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. The first priority is ruling out cancer. Treatment will depend on the findings of your tests and the cause of the bleeding. For instance, if your tests show signs of cancer, you will be referred to an oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 440: the role of transvaginal ultrasonography in evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;114(2 Pt 1):409-411. Reaffirmed 2015.
Gale A, Dey P. Postmenopausal bleeding. Menopause Int. 2009;15(4):160-164.
Perimenopausal bleeding and bleeding after menopause. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq162.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121221T1430328285. Updated May 2011. Accessed April 16, 2018.
Sonohysterography. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=hysterosono. Updated February 25, 2018. Accessed March 14, 2016.
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