The cause is not well understood. Many people with a GIST have a defect in a certain gene. The gene is active when it should not be. This allows cells to grow and divide without order. This may explain why a GIST forms.
This problem is more common in people who are over 50 years of age. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist. Accessed August 16, 2021.
What are gastrointestinal stromal tumors? American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor/about/what-is-gist.html. Accessed August 16, 2021.
Last reviewed July 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
James Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 8/16/2021
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