Gastroparesis is a disorder of the stomach. After you eat food, the stomach breaks down food. The stomach muscles then squeeze and push food down to the small intestine. Gastroparesis is a delay with the emptying of the stomach. Food either moves too slowly or does not move at all.
The delayed food can harden. This can lead to blockages, nausea, and vomiting. Bacteria can also start to grow and make you ill. Gastroparesis can be a serious condition. You will need care from your doctor.
Steps that may reduce the risk of gastroparesis include:
If you have diabetes, follow your treatment plan.
Be aware of medicine that may delay gastric emptying. These include opioids, calcium channel blockers, and some antidepressants. Talk to your doctor about benefits and risk of your medicine to find what works best for you.
Complicatoins of diabetes mellitus. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/diabetes-mellitus-and-disorders-of-carbohydrate-metabolism/complications-of-diabetes-mellitus. Updated February 2017. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Gastroparesis. American College of Gastroenterology website. Available at: http://patients.gi.org/topics/gastroparesis. Updated December 2012. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Gastroparesis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gastroparesis. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Shakil A, Church RJ, Rao SS. Gastrointestinal complications of diabetes. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(12):1697-1702.
Last reviewed March 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 7/19/2018
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