Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare heart defect. Structures on the left side of the heart, such as the aorta, aortic valve, left ventricle, and mitral valve, may be too small, missing, or poorly formed. This lowers oxygen-rich blood flow to the body.
Feinstein JA, Benson DW, et al. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: current considerations and expectations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 3;59(1 Suppl):S1-S42, correction can be found in J Am Coll Cardiol 2012 Jan 21;59(5):544.
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome. Updated September 11, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2020.
Single ventricle defects. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/AboutCongenitalHeartDefects/Single-Ventricle-Defects_UCM_307037_Article.jsp. Accessed December 18, 2020.
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