The goal of treatment is to control seizures and improve quality of life. Treatments choices are:
There are medicines that are used to manage seizure disorder. The medicines that are chosen depend on the type of seizures and symptoms a child has.
Antiepileptic medicines are a common choice. In some children, more than 1 medicine may be used.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
With VNS, a device is implanted in the chest to give electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve. This nerve runs from the brain to beyond the stomach. VNS can prevent seizures or make them happen less often. Medicine may still be needed.
A ketogenic diet is very strict. It is high in fat and low in carbohydrates and proteins. It can decrease the frequency of seizures. Since children need proper nutrients, a dietitian will need to be involved.
Surgery may be done if medicine does not help or causes too many side effects. It removes the area of the brain that starts the seizure. Surgery is only an option if the child has specific parts of the brain involved.
There are no known ways to prevent seizure disorder.
Moshé SL, Perucca E, et al. Epilepsy: new advances. Lancet. 2015 Mar 7;385(9971):884-898.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Kari Kassir, MD
Last Updated: 6/10/2020
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