Cancer is when cells in the body split without control or order. They go on to form a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to harmful growths. These growths attack nearby tissues. They also spread to the brain or spinal cord. It's not clear what causes this. It’s likely a mix of genes and the environment.
Your child’s chances are higher if they have certain genes. Certain syndromes that run in your family can also make the chances higher.
Symptoms depend on the tumor's size and where it is. A growing tumor will often have fluid buildup around it. Fluid puts pressure on the brain. Pressure may cause:
Brain tumors. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Available at: http://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Brain-Tumors. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Brain tumors. Boston Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/b/brain-tumors. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Brain tumors. Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin website. Available at: https://www.chw.org/medical-care/neuroscience/conditions/brain-tumors. Accessed January 29, 2021.
General information about childhood brain and spinal cord tumors. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/brain/patient/child-brain-treatment-pdq. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Medulloblastoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T917475/Medulloblastoma. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Types of pediatric brain and spinal cord tumors. Comer Children’s website. Available at: http://www.uchicagokidshospital.org/specialties/cancer/brain-spinal/index.html. Accessed January 29, 2021.
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